This concept of infancy is therefore, determined historically for modification of the forms of organization of society (2003: 19). In century XVIII, beyond the education the family passed if to interest for the related questions the hygiene and the health of the child, what she led to a considerable reduction of the mortality indices. The changes had benefited the children of the bourgeoisie, therefore the children of the people had continued not to have access to the profits represented for the new conception of infancy, as the right to the education and the cares most specific, being directed for the work. The child leaves the anonymity and slowly she occupies a space of bigger prominence in the society. This evolution brings deep modifications in relation to the education, this had that to look for to take care of the new demands that had been unchained by the valuation of the child, therefore the learning beyond the religious question started to be one of them pillars in the attendance the child.
According to Loureiro: in this period it starts to exist one concern in knowing the mentality of the children in order to adapt the education methods they, facilitating the learning process. An emphasis in the image appears of the child as an angel, ‘ ‘ certification of the innocence batismal’ ‘ e, therefore, next to Christ (2005: 36). The Christian character is perceived which the education of the children was anchored. With the sprouting of the interest in the children, the concern in helping started to acquire them it the beginning of the reason and to make of them adult Christians and rationals. This paradgma guided the education of century XIX and XX. Today, the child is seen as a citizen of rights, situated historically and that she needs to have its physical necessities, cognitivas, psychological, emotional and social supplied, characterizing an integral and integrated attendance of the child. It must have all its respected dimensions. According to Zabalza when citing Fraboni: the historical stage that we are living, strong marked for transformation.