The family as the nucleus or unit of intervention in this case, we refer to families that dysfunction at the level of communication, relationship, are fundamentally i.e. when family, poses a problem or need that has been generated as a result of lack of communication or by inadequate or unsatisfactory communication guidelines for its members. The family educator will work with these families dysfunctions named in order to change them or at least make them explicit and understandable, bearing in mind that we have a system with its own operating characteristics and that our task is to help to retrieve or acquire pattern that allows you to achieve your goals. Paragraphs that we can pinpoint within this type of intervention are: (Bennett, T. and others (1990) to) study and initial diagnosis: first of all there is to do a detailed study of family characteristics that must necessarily include:-family structure: description of the characteristics of the members of the family, roles that they assume, etc.
– family interactions: how that family system interact to address the needs of individuals, with specific consideration of the marital, parental and fraternal subsystems. -Functions of the family: activities to do to meet their own needs. -Cycle in which the family is: peculiarities of the same, coping mechanisms, situations of stress, etc. – extrafamiliares interactions: consideration of informal networks (extended family, friends, etc.) and formal. -Means of cohesion indicators: closeness, support, decision making, shared spaces, etc.
indicators of family adaptability: structure of power, standards in the relationship, etc. Therefore, the first step in what we try to obtain is to formulate a diagnosis in which established that the family is going through some difficulties or has a communication problem of relationship, that has to be addressed through a specific intervention which will have as its central focus the family interview. (b) aid offer, agreement or contract: once established and initial study which clearly reflects that the family educator is a problem of dysfunctional relationship, communication, diagnosed a first family interview in which presents their conclusions and offers the possibility of initiating a process of help that basically has to be geared to your family think about your problem or needabout itself, about its potentials, on external resources has, so that through this reflection the family go being able to clarify the situation and deal with it; Thus a growth of the family is generated as group that will allow possible subsequent similar situations can assume their reality without having to ask for professional help.